The Writings of George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair, who wrote under the pseudonym of George Orwell, was born in Motihari, Bengal, British occupied India, in 1903. He mastered the art of satire and political writing and was one of England's most influential political writers in the 40's. A staunch supporter of the Socialist Party, he wrote for the common man.  George Orwell penned numerous essays, short stories, novels and poems before his death in 1950.

Collections of Essays

Orwell, known for his honesty and insight, wrote many well known and well respected essays. His essays have been put into collections including, England Your England and Other EssaysShooting the Elephant and Other Essays, and Critical Essays. In his essays, he wrote critiques of authors and political figures, political thought, and English culture and values. His essay collections include:

Essays Written By George Orwell

Before becoming a writer, George Orwell returned to India where he followed in his father's footsteps and joined the Indian Imperial Police Force. While in India he came to love the Burmese people and became disillusioned in English Imperialism. After five years service in the police force, Orwell resigned and traveled to Paris to try his hand at writing. A number of his essays were influenced by this time in his life.

Non-Fiction Writings by George Orwell

George Orwell was a well respected journalist and essayist. His non-fiction works are excellent examples of English writing. They are hard hitting and written in a conversational tone. Taken from his own life experiences, the stories reflect his leftist ideology. His book, Homage to Catalonia, is included in Random House's list of "100 Best Non-Fiction" books.

Novels Written by George Orwell

George Orwell is most well known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Even though Orwell was a socialist, he disliked the Soviet Communist Party. In Animal Farm, Orwell used a fable to symbolize the history of the Communist Party in Soviet Russia. Nineteen Eighty-Four was a dystopian novel that warned of the problems of a totalitarian government.  


George Orwell is not usually associated with poetry, but as a young boy he dreamed of becoming a poet. He began to write poetry while in school and two of his published poems were written under his real name, Eric Blair. A number of his essays are about poetry and many of his essays include it.

In 1938, George Orwell visited a Sanatorium after he began coughing up blood. He was diagnosed with tuberculosis. After several months of rest, his health improved and he was released. Eight years later, as he was working on the novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four, he became sick again and died in 1950. His body of work still influences the masses and his novels can be found on the required reading lists in most high schools. 

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